Historic Sites in Beijing
The 5000 years Chinese civilization has strewn the land of Beijing with attractions full of cultural and historical interest. Some of them, like the Former Imperial Palace, Great Wall, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, and the Zhoukoudian ruins of Peking Man are world famous cultural heritage sites endorsed by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
Beijing Historic Relics Guide
Tiananmen is the symbol of Beijing. It was first built in 1417, the 15th year of Yongle in Ming Dynasty with the name of Chengtianmen or Chengtian Gate.
Chengtianmen or Chengtian Gate was destroyed twice: once by fire, once by war. In 1651 of Qing Dynasty, the Emperor Fulin had it rebuilt on a large scale and changed its name to Tiananmen.
The Tiananmen Square lies at the cross-section between the central axis of Beijing and the Chang'an Avenue. Tiananmen has a height of 34.7 meters.
Tiananmen is listed by UNESCO among “world heritages”.
- Simatai Great Wall
Simatai Great Wall is a part of the Ming Great Wall. It was firstly built in 1368 in Ming Dynasty. To help General Qi Juguang to guard the Ji Town, Simatai Great Wall was rebuilt time and time from Longqing to Wanli of Ming Dynasty.
It is located in the Gubeikou Town, in the northeast part of Beijing Miyun County. Starting from Wangjing Building in the east and ending at Houchuankou in the west. Simatai Great Wall stretches for 5.7 kilometers and containing 35 watch towers
- Badaling Remnant Great Wall
Badaling Great Wall is located in Beijing Yanqing County. It is the only section of the remnant Great Wall that has been authorized to be opened to the public. According to the research of experts, there are two ancient sites with high archeological values. One is the stone material field where stones were taken to build the Great Wall. There are still huge stones with clear signs of cutting; another place is the brick kiln to produce the Great Wall bricks.
- Mutianyu Great Wall
- The Peking Man Site
The Peking Man Site is located west of Zhoukoudian town in Fangshan District, about 48 kilometers from Beijing downtown Beijing.
The excavation and findings in Zhoukoudian had an indelible historical merit in revealing the development and evolution history of the human being.
- The Ming Tombs
The Ming Tombs were listed by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage among the Top 40 Famous Tourist Attractions in China.
The tombs lie at the foot of Tianshou Mountain of Changping District, 50 kilometers northeast to Beijing Downtown.
The Ming Tombs are those of 13 emperors in the Ming Dynasty (1368~1644). Magnificent cemetery buildings with red walls, yellow tiles, upturning eaves stand on the eastern, western and northern slopes. The general layout conveys a solemn, harmonious order of importance, which is accentuated by the mountains and rivers.
- Yuan Dynasty Dadu City Wall Relics Park
- Beijing Ming Dynasty City Wall Relics Park
- The Bell and Drum Tower
- The Ancient Observatory
The Ancient Observatory used to be an imperial observatory in the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty. It was served as the national observatory in the early Republican period after the fall of Qing Dynasty.
As one of the oldest observatories in the world, it was built in 1442 in the Ming Dynasty. At that time it was called Guanxingtai, or platform for observing the stars.
Observation went on for nearly 500 years, a record duration in the world.
- Prince Gong's Mansion
- The Summer Palace
Imperial palaces, mansions, gardens and tombs in Beijing represent the traditional Chinese culture. Located in No. 19, Xin-jian-gong-men Road, Haidian District, The Summer Palace is a monument to classical Chinese architecture in terms of both garden design and construction. Borrowing scenes from surrounding landscapes, it radiates not only the grandeur of an imperial garden but also the beauty of nature in a seamless combination that best illustrates the guiding principle of traditional Chinese garden design: “The works of men should match the works of Heaven”
- Zhangfang Ancient City and Ancient Battle Tunnel Site
- Anding Yulin Ancient Mulberry Garden
- Ancient Cliff House
The ancient cliff houses were digged by some unknown ancestors on steep cliffs. There are altogether 147 stone rooms, divided into front, middle and rear parts, hanging on the cliffs of about 100,000 square meters. The stones rooms have various shapes and positions.
It is located in the valley to the northwest of Yanqing County.
Beijing Hadaling Great Wall
Beijing Ancient City
Beijing Bell Temple
Beijing Forbidden City